Aptitude testing for potential commercial pilots
In 1995 an eminent Past Chairman of the Education and Training Committee of The Guild of Air Pilots and Air Navigators, became seriously concerned at the very variable standards of those pilots who were paying for their own conversion course to the B757. Indeed, a very few of these trainees were patently not suited to be professional airline pilots.
During the following 18 months he thoroughly investigated the problem and then negotiated with the Royal Air Force Directorate of Recruiting and Selection, to use their computer based battery of aptitude tests employed at the Officer and Aircrew Selection Centre at RAF Cranwell. These tests, developed over a period of several years, are used as part of Tri-service military aircrew selection.
The Guild believes that there are some aspiring pilots whose potential ability is greatly exceeded by their ambition - this concern was matched by a wish to avoid individuals entering into expensive financial commitments with limited chances of success in training. It had also been noted that students of limited potential would nevertheless through dint of hard work and considerable financial outlay, eventually obtain licenses, but would be in danger of struggling throughout their professional lives to achieve the required standards. Extra training would be required for such individuals and the risk of finding themselves out of their depth would be ever present as they proceeded through their professional life.
Would-be pilots may apply to the Guild to undertake the tests and are then counseled on their results by members of the Guild, all of whom have a strong airline training background and who give freely of their services. During the interview, candidates have the opportunity to ask questions about careers in civil aviation. The scheme is both voluntary and advisory; there is no requirement for self-sponsored candidates to undergo aptitude testing nor is there any obligation to refrain from entering flying training with less than promising scores. It should be emphasised that the tests are designed for those with little or no flying experience. The validity of the tests declines rapidly for those who have in excess of 150 hours of pilot flying. There are also indications that the results are not wholly reliable at a very young age, and it is strongly suggested that potential candidates should be 17 or over before embarking on the tests.
To date well over 1000 candidates have seen the wisdom of having their aptitude tested before embarking on the huge expense of a commercial flying training course. The facility is also available to FTO's to assist them in their selection of airline-sponsored students. Various flying schools and their client airlines have been very satisfied with the progress of their students who took the tests, and the Guild has used it as part of commercial flying scholarship selection procedure to good effect.
With only minor modification from time to time, the battery of six aptitude tests used by the Guild has remained the same for 12 years. More computerisation and high precision avionics has further reduced the amount of physical handling on modern commercial aircraft and the Guild has taken advantage of the availability of some new aptitude tests developed by the Royal Air Force, which are now well validated, to introduce two new tests and drop one old one from the battery, in order to be even more relevant in the pre assessment of today’s potential commercial pilot. The basic requirement for coordination of hand eye foot remains a priority, but now there is also more emphasis on spatial reasoning and capacity or multi tasking.
Does familiarity with personal computers and computer games give an advantage to some candidates by enhancing their aptitude test performances? In short, the answer appears to be, no.
There are some things worth mentioning that aptitude testing alone cannot do. It cannot assess personal qualities, such as leadership or team compatibility. Neither can it assess motivation. As every flying instructor knows, a run-of-the-mill student who is keen and highly motivated will often do as well as, if not better than, one who is a 'natural' but not a 'tryer'. That said, assessment of motivation and personal qualities is best left to a future employer, who will weigh them in the balance with aptitude scores, - nurturing them is the Training Organisation's job.
Returning to the Cranwell experience, selection days are run approximately every two months, but more frequently when demand is high. You should plan to arrive at RAF Cranwell, Nr Sleaford in Lincolnshire no later than 10.30am in order to book-in at the Guardroom. The tests commence at 11.30 and take around 2 hours followed by the 'one on one' debriefing session of about 45 minutes. We aim to have you on your way home again by 4pm at the latest. COST - £155 to private individuals. For airline or company sponsored applicants, the rate is by agreement. It should be stressed that the Guild views this service as non-profit making, indeed members of the Guild give of their time and expertise for free.
In conclusion, the Guild would recommend to all aspiring commercial pilots, firstly make sure you are likely to be able to pass a full Class 1 medical (you don't need to have passed the medical to do aptitude testing but you should be reasonably conviced that your would be able to) and secondly, take the Cranwell tests. Without the former you cannot start and the latter may well save a lot of heartache together with the very considerable financial investment that you are now contemplating.
6 March 2014
16 April 2014
Registration forms for the aptitude tests may be downloaded in pdf format, printed and forwarded to the Guild together with a cheque for £155 (made out to GAPAN).
Applications for Aptitude testing must be received by the office no later than 10 days before the testing session in order to allow the time necessary to process the application with the test provider. You can apply for any testing session and full joining instructions for a particular date will be issued in the few weeks before the test date. If you are applying early for a testing session, you are of course welcome to contact the office (020 7404 4032) to ensure your application has been received, conversely, if you have applied for a testing session and you haven't received joining instructions 10 days prior to the session, you should contact the office and let us know so any problems can be remedied appropriately and in good time. Sessions are run only if a sufficient number of candidates book places.
Click here to download the Registration Form